Named for a lady

This colourful bird is commonly called the Impeyan after Lady Impey, wife of the British chief justice of Calcutta, who first kept them in captivity on the grounds of their estate in the late 18th century. Lady Impey kept extensive notes about habitat and behaviour which were of great use to biologists in their work on native species.

Conservation Status

Source: IUCN

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The male monal stands guard over the ground-built nest throughout the 28-day incubation period and helps protect chicks from predators until they are completely independent at about 6 months.

Important Facts

Here's where we call home

These beautiful birds have a very large range throughout Asia in Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan and Tibet.  However, in some areas they are threatened due to poaching and other human disturbances to their environment.

At a Glance

Scientific Name

Lophophorus impejanus


2150 to 2380 g (4.7 to 5.3 lb)


70 cm (27.5 in)

Conservation Status

Least Concern


Primarily mountainous regions; in summer, they are found in rocky, grass-covered meadows and winter in coniferous and mixed forests.


Includes seeds, tubers, shoots, berries, terrestrial insects and their larvae. They dig extensively with their bill, up to 25 cm deep, creating distinctive dug-over areas in their territory. They forage throughout the day.