Collared peccaries are not endangered, but they are affected by habitat loss and there is potential to overhunt them for their meat and hides.

Conservation Status

Source: IUCN

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Peccaries have short, straight, razor-sharp tusks that fit tightly together and sharpen themselves with each jaw movement.

Important Facts

I am not a pig

Peccaries may look like members of the pig family, but they are actually not related at all. Peccaries have tusks that curve downward, unlike wild pigs whose tusks curve upward. Peccaries also have three toes on their hind feed, while pigs have four.

Conservation connections

Collared peccaries are common, but conservationists want to keep an eye on them. They have a large range – from southern Brazil through to Mexico. They have also recently extended their range into the United States and are now found in Texas, New Mexico, Oklahoma and Arizona.

Older sister = babysitter

Mothers leave their herds of about 15 individuals to give birth so that other members of the group don’t eat the newborns. She rejoins the herd with her piglets after a day and only the older sisters are allowed to be near the young. They often become babysitters for their mothers.
Babies are called piglets.

At a Glance

Scientific Name

Pecari tajacu


15 - 27 kg (33 – 60 lb)


30 – 50 cm (1 – 1.6 ft) at shoulder

Conservation Status

Least Concern


Wide variety of habitats from tropical forests to deserts, from Arizona south to Brazil.


Herbivore. Most of collared peccaries’ diet consists of prickly pears and agaves, but they eat a wide variety of other foods – including roots, bulbs, nuts and fruit.