Pigs are more than bacon!

Wild pig species live in groups called sounders and can play an important role in habitat management.  In 2009, wild boars were reintroduced to aid the regeneration of ancient Scottish woodland by controlling the bracken that grows rapidly through underground runners called rhizomes that boars readily eat, but are toxic to most other animals.

Conservation Status

Source: IUCN

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There are an estimated 2 billion domesticated pigs on our planet, whose ancient ancestors were Eurasian wild boars and Sulawesi warty pigs.

Important Facts

Here's where we call home

These large, bristly-haired pigs are the ancient ancestor of most (but not all) ancient and modern domestic pig breeds. There is evidence that it was domesticated as much as 10,000 years ago in several different parts of its range, including Southeast Asia, the Far East and Asia Minor.

At a Glance

Scientific Name

Sus scrofa


50 to 350 kg (110 to 770 lb)


90 to 200 cm (35 to 79 in) [length]

Conservation Status

Least Concern


A wide variety of temperate and tropical habitats, from semi-desert to tropical rain forests, temperate woodlands, grasslands and reed jungles; open habitats such as steppe, shrub-land, and farmland.


Vegetable matter, principally fruits, seeds, roots and tubers constitutes about 90 per cent of their diet. Wild Boars have also been known to consume small animals and even young deer and lambs.