Circle the wagons
When threatened, groups of muskox form a circle with their sharp horns pointed outward, protecting their calves from wolves or bears by hiding them in the centre of the herd. They stay in a circle formation for as long as they can in an attempt to outlast their predators.
Using their horns and numbers to scare off predators may be effective with wolves and bears, but doesn’t work so well against human hunters who killed great numbers of muskox for their hides and meat.
Up and running
Muskox moms are pregnant for a long time – around eight months – but there is little time to waste after their calves are born. Fully furred at birth, muskox calves need to be up and running with the herd only a few hours after being born. Muskox moms keep their calves toasty warm by tucking them under their skirts of fur, next to their bellies.
At a Glance
180 – 380 kg (396 - 836 lb)
North of the treeline on the Arctic tundra in Canada, United States, Greenland, Scandinavia, and Siberia.
Herbivore. Muskox search the tundra for roots, mosses and lichens (a type of fungus) to eat. In winter, they dig for frozen plants hidden under the snow.