Red river hogs are one of the most hunted species in the Congo Basin.

Conservation Status

Source: IUCN

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Male red river hogs have large warts in front of their eyes that stick out almost four centimetres (1.6 inches), but they are usually hidden by their facial hair.

Important Facts

What a snout

You never know what you’re going to find when you forage for food at night. Red river hogs use their sensitive, disc-like snouts as ploughs to root out the tastiest food, using both touch and smell.

Conservation connections

Red river hog numbers are on the rise due to the hunting of their predators, including leopards. However, these hogs are also hunted for their meat and killed by farmers in retaliation for eating crops.

Baby watermelons?

When they are born, red river hoglets are patterned like little watermelons. Red river hog moms build grass nests that are about three metres wide by one metre deep. They give birth to litters that range from one to six piglets weighing less than a kilogram each.

At a Glance

Scientific Name

Potamochoerus porcus


46 – 130 kg (101 – 286 lb)


Conservation Status

Least Concern


Rainforests and moist savannah woodlands with dense vegetation of West and Central Africa.


Red river hogs will eat almost anything. They use their big teeth to dig in the dirt, searching for roots, bulbs and insects. They will also swim to forage for water plants.